Braces are a great way to straighten your teeth , which can give you a more attractive smile. However, some people are concerned that braces could also cause a negative impact on their smiles: receding gums.Studies show that if there is a connection between braces and receding gums, it’s probably slight, and there are options to help protect your gums.
Gum recession happens when the gum tissue right around your teeth wears away or gets pushed back. This process exposes the top part of your teeth, the root, which is normally covered and protected by your gums. As the roots of your teeth become exposed, many people say their teeth are more sensitive to hot, cold, spicy, sweet or acidic foods.
One of the first and most common signs is tooth sensitivity. Visually, your teeth may also look longer than before and you may notice a darker appearance to the teeth along the gumline.
Gum recession is actually very common. It can happen so gradually, that many people have mild gum recession and don’t even know it. Severe cases, though, can be dangerous for your oral health and put you at serious risk for tooth loss in the future.
Gum recession can be caused by a wide variety of things, including the following.
Periodontal diseases (gum diseases. These bacterial gum infections are one of the most common causes of gum recession. Gum disease needs to be treated as soon as possible.
Insufficient dental care. Not brushing, flossing, and getting regular professional cleanings makes it easy for plaque to build up on your teeth. That can also lead to gum recession.
Brushing too hard. Scrubbing too aggressively when you brush, is bad for you gums. It is recommended gentle brushing with a soft toothbrush.
Genetics. Unfortunately, some people are simply more susceptible to gum disease, which means they’re also more susceptible to recession.
Grinding teeth. Some people grind or clench their teeth while they sleep due to stress, a misaligned bite, jaw conditions, or other factors.
Braces . Unfortunately, people who have had braces are much more likely to have receding gums than people who haven’t.
There’s a reason braces make your mouth sore. Braces pull your teeth out of their natural position and into a new one. That’s a lot of pulling on your teeth.
Those constant compressive forces that are applied to the bone of your mouth during braces can lead to inflammation, which may cause the bone to go away. For many people, if they lose bone around teeth, the gums will follow the bone which creates (you guessed it) gum recession.
Gum recession is not something you want to ignore. If you have gum recession from braces or anything else, you don’t have to resign yourself to living with it. You have options. the treatment is a tissue-grafting surgery, involving scalpels and stitches.